If you sense any kind of pain in your body then an orthopedic doctor can help you. Because orthopedic surgeons are specially trained for the musculoskeletal system which means people who are specialized in the bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.
Orthopedics is a very big speciality sector. Many people are not sure about whether they really need an orthopedic and when to see an orthopedic. When they finally decide to go to an orthopedic they become confused about how to find one. And there are some people who get tensed that an orthopedic doctor may put them under any kind of surgery or cut, there are some conditions which should be cured by only surgeries and some problems can be solved under medications. So not every orthopedic doctor does surgery for all of your pains. Depending on the condition of your pain orthopedic, decide what treatment can be given. So all need to understand that if there is any speciality who understands a patient’s pain it’s an orthopedic specialist.
The common disorders under orthopedics are Dislocated joints, back pain or hip pain, Arthritis, acute pain, chronic pain, and degenerative pain. There are so many sub-specialised sectors that focus on specific treatment areas. because of its variety and vastness of specialties. Like Joint specialists only treat for hip or knee problems with arthritis or any other limiting joint condition, hand and wrist specialists only treat hand or wrist problems.
So we can go to an orthopedic if you sense any kind of pain in your body. To understand more about the pain lets understand what pain is and its symptoms.
WHAT IS PAIN?
It’s a feeling of ache or bodily suffering, an unusual sensation of unpleasantness. Might be caused by any kind of injury like fall, accident, hit, pressure, disease, violence, hurt, stress, sadness or mental trauma.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF PAIN?
- Increase in heart rate and respiration rate.
- Increase in blood sugar level.
- Peripheral vasoconstriction.
- Change in skin color.
- Dilated pupils.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF PAIN?
- Based on duration
Acute – Acute pain comes suddenly and doesn’t last longer, usually acute pain is sharp and goes away soon. Commonly acute pain occurs by a cut, fall, burn, pulled muscle or stress.
Chronic – Chronic pain stays longer than 12 weeks, it will be regular and severe pain. There are so many causes for chronic pain like arthritis or cancer.
- Based on location
Somatic – When a person has a noticeable focus on physical symptoms like pain, breathlessness, weakness or major problems.
Referral – You feel pain in one part of your body but the actual pain exist in another part of your body is referral pain. It happens because of the network of interconnecting sensory systems.
- Based on intensity
Mild – Mild pain means a very minor pain that is not really noticeable but it’s there like very mildly, usually you don’t notice it and you don’t think to see a doctor.
Moderate – Moderate pain is deeper than mild pain. And it can interfere with the function system.
Severe – Severe pain interferes in all or some of the daily activities. Severe pain is worse than mild and moderate pain, it typically doesn’t go away and is stubborn and this can be treated for 6 months or years.
- Based on Etiology
Nociceptive – Pain caused by inflammatory or non-inflammatory response to a noxious stimulus. It damages tissue and chemical activities.
Neuropathic – Neuropathic pain is pain caused by damage directly to the nervous system (the nerves, spinal cord, and brain).
Psychogenic – Pain sustained by psychological factors More precisely characterised in psychiatric terminology, Patients have affective and behavioral disturbances, Patients with organic component often have concurrent psychologic contributions and comorbidities.
These are the pains that you shouldn’t neglect and see an orthopedic to overcome pain and live a painless life. we understood about pain so let’s see what are the conditions in which an orthopedic can treat.
WHAT ARE THE COMMON ORTHOPEDIC PROBLEMS?
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis(RA) is a form of arthritis that causes pain, swelling and stiffening in your joints. RA is mostly seen in small joints like the fingers, the wrists and the ankles but we can also see it in larger joints like elbows and knees, shoulders and hips. And it can affect body parts besides joints such as eyes, lungs, vessels, heart and skin. More women than men get RA and it often starts in middle age.
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is caused by compression of the median nerve as it travels through the carpal tunnel in the wrist causing pain and numbness in the median nerve distribution on the hand.
Osteoarthritis is more common in women and in most cases people are over 45 age when they get it. It can also cause pain and stiffness in your joints. The knees, hips , back feet and hands are the most common joints to be affected.
Osteoarthritis starts when cartilage starts to thin or roughen this can happen naturally during the ageing process.
- Joints replacement
Joint replacement is also called arthroplasty. Joint replacement is a medical procedure where a damaged joint will be removed and it will be replaced with an artificial joint that might be made of plastic, ceramic or metal.
- Lower back pain
Lower back pain means a sensation of pain or distress on your lumbar cord.