WHAT ARE MEDICATIONS USED FOR THE TREATMENT OF TYPE 2 DIABETES?
Medications are the first type of medicine, people with type 2 diabetes try when diet and exercise alone are able to control blood sugar in a healthy range. There are many medications, and they work in different ways. Some of them are :
- Biguanides – This group of medications includes metformin, one of the most commonly used medicines to treat diabetes. It tells the liver to stop some of the glucose it makes.
Meglitinides and sulfonylureas –This medication is used to increase the formation of insulin in the pancreas.
- DPP-4 inhibitors –It keeps the body from breaking down hormones that give the signal of “go” to the pancreas for insulin. This means the inhibitors work longer to maintain blood sugar levels after a meal.
- Thiazolidinediones or glitazones –Insulin work get better by these medicines. They lower insulin resistance from the cells so the pancreas doesn’t have to work as hard.
- Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors –These inhibitors slow the digestion of food with complex carbohydrates like bread, pasta, rice, potatoes, and corn. This keeps the blood sugar from shooting up after a meal.
Injectable drugs slow how quickly food leaves the stomach and makes you feel full. And they tell the liver to back off making glucose around mealtimes.
Insulin therapy could be a short-term fix for a stressful situation or because other medicines aren’t enough to control blood sugar. Types of insulin are grouped according to its speed to start to work and how long their effects last. One might have to use more than one kind of insulin for type 2 diabetes. Some insulins come pre-mixed.
Insulin can be taken in several ways :
- Injections with a needle and syringe – You fill the syringes from a bottle of insulin and give a shot. Pick a spot and rotate between the belly, thigh, butt, and upper arm.
- Insulin pump – It connects to a tiny needle under the skin to provide a steady stream of insulin throughout the day.
- Insulin pen – It looks like a pen but on the end, it has a needle. Some are prefilled with insulin, while others have a container to replace.
- Inhaler – Used to breathe in powdered insulin.
Weight loss surgery gets rid of extra pounds along with controlling blood sugar. But it also raises the level of hormones in the gut called incretins and tells the pancreas to make insulin. Over time, the quantity of medication decreases. It isn’t for everyone, though.
HOW TYPE 2 DIABETES CAN BE MANAGED?
There are lots of options to manage diabetes. For example, food, exercise, and medication work together to bring blood sugar under control.
Our Specialty Care Clinic doctors will help you to figure out if you need to take medicine, which kind is right for you, and how often you should take it.
Over your lifetime, Blood sugar can be handled in different ways. Sometimes medications stop working, and patients have to switch. According to age, a person needs to adjust their body sugar.
Some of the lifestyle changes that need to manage type 2 diabetes are –
- Weight loss – Losing weight may help to cut back on medications to treat diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Weight loss also helps to decrease symptoms of depression and sleep apnea.
- Healthy diet – There’s no one-size-fits-all diabetes diet. Everyone needs to pay attention to carbs, fiber, fat, and salt to manage blood sugar and avoid complications of diabetes. How much and when to eat is important, too. Physical activity.
- Better sleep – Not getting enough sleep can raise the chances of getting type 2 diabetes. The length of time anyone sleep and the quality of sleep can raise A1c levels. That means improving sleep can lead to lower blood sugar readings.
As we understand how dangerous type 2 diabetes can be. Our experts at Specialty Care Clinics are always there to help you to cope with diabetes. Our specialist provides you with the best methods for type 2 diabetes management and treatment. If anyone of you has type 2 diabetes-related symptoms, connect with us at 469-545-9983.