Arthroscopy is a procedure used by orthopedic surgeons for diagnosing and treating joint problems. These joints are present in our body for example, in the knee, shoulder, ankle, elbow, hip, or wrist.
Specialty Care Clinic’s orthopedic surgeons are highly specialized in their work and provide treatment with proficiency. Arthroscopy treats a range of joint, tendons, and ligament problems. The condition treated with arthroscopy includes the following:
- Rotator cuff tendon tears
- Impingement syndrome
- Recurrent dislocation in the shoulder
- Meniscal cartilage tears
- ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament)
Rotator Cuff Tendon Tears– Rotator cuff tears are a common source of shoulder discomfort. There can be a single tendon or can be multiple cuff tendons. A patient can experience a weak, painful shoulder. Rotator cuff tears can range from small (1 cm) to massive (greater than 5 cm).
The older population suffers more from rotator cuff tears. Around 50% of people more than 80 years of age have proximity to suffering from rotator cuff tear. In which the majority are asymptomatic (showing no symptoms).
Arthroscopy is the least encroaching method used to repair rotator cuff tears. This technique is used to repair the tendon tear by making a surgical cut then arthroscopic tools are used to look into the torn part inside the shoulder and then suitable treatment is provided.
Impingement Syndrome– It is the result of rough rubbing of the rotator cuff between the humerus and the top outer edge of the shoulder that leads to swelling and reductions in space, ultimately causing pain and irritation.
Arthroscopy increases the space between the end of the collar bone and tendons that pass under it for soft tissue to grow. Because it is a minimally invasive surgery and requires smaller incisions for impingement syndrome as compared to traditional surgery.
Recurrent Dislocation in the Shoulder– Due to an injury from a fall or accident, can happen. That means the shoulder can dislocate from its site due to an injury and gets prone to happen again and again. The recurrence of dislocation is due to a loose shoulder or slipping out of its location.
In this situation, arthroscopy can be performed at both the front and the back of the shoulder depending upon the site where it dislocated. And, in the case of major injury in the front of the labrum or at the bone of the socket joint, the possibility of recurrence increases so the doctor can recommend you open Bankart repair.
Arthroscopic Bankart Repair, being a minimally invasive surgical procedure is used to reattach and tighten the detached labrum within the shoulder joint.
Meniscus Cartilage Tear– This is one of the most common knee injuries that occur due to forceful twisting or rotation of the knee. This takes place in the rubbery knee cartilage that cushions the tibia (shinbone) from the thigh bone.
To treat meniscus cartilage tears the common method used is arthroscopy. It does not require much time to be done. Arthroscopic surgery is done to remove or repair torn tissues. Knee arthroscopy is successful most of the time. It helps in reducing or eliminating pain.
Chondromalacia– Chondromalacia surgery is an arthroscopic procedure performed by an orthopedic surgeon as an outpatient surgical treatment. The longevity of the procedure totally depends upon the severity of the procedure.
Chondromalacia patella pain occurs due to the rubbing of the knee bone to the thigh bone.
This condition is diagnosed through arthroscopy in which a tiny, flexible camera is inserted inside the knee to examine the exact condition of the cartilage.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)– Anterior cruciate ligament is a band of tissue inside the knee that gets damaged when stretched or torn. ACL is very important for the normal functioning of the knee.
Arthroscopy usually takes 2 to 3 hours to perform an incision to remove a tendon if it is an autograft (where another part of the body is inserted into your knee).
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure which means it does not require major cuts and slits into your skin. Also, it takes a few hours to get done with the procedure.