Nerve damage can drastically reduce a person’s quality of life. Some forms of nerve damage lead to severe pain, while others have the reverse effect and make it impossible to feel anything at all. Dealing with these symptoms can be distressing for patients, especially when it may feel like there are not many alternatives for successful therapy. Hearing about stem cell therapy might obviously be quite interesting if you have nerve damage. Is this form of nerve regeneration treatment effective?
STEM CELL THERAPY FOR NERVE REGENERATION
The use of stem cells to treat nerve damage is very promising and has several advantages over more conventional therapies like surgery. According to studies, it can lessen overall peripheral nerve damage while enhancing tissue regeneration. This therapy may fully restore functional recovery in some cases.
But whether stem cell treatment will be effective for a particular patient is the issue that many patients genuinely want to know the answer to. There are four key reasons why it’s challenging to respond to that question :
- There are several varieties of chronic damage.
- It could be simpler to fix new damage than existing damage.
- The state of each patient’s health is different.
- The field of nerve regeneration is new.
To put it in other words, although there are compelling scientific reasons to be optimistic about the potential of stem cells to cure nerve injury, it is yet too early to guarantee these treatments will be successful in all situations. Amazing outcomes may be attained by certain people, but every person’s physique and circumstances are unique. Additionally, nerve damage and treatment of systemic diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease are very different from peripheral nerve damage caused by diabetes.
Nerve regeneration is the focus of stem cell therapy. Mesenchymal stem cells and Schwann cells are taken from the patient’s own body for use in this form of therapy. Typically, bone marrow and fatty tissue are where these MSCs and Schwann cells originate. They are injected into the damaged area after they are ready. In addition to producing new neurons, stem cells can also develop into supporting cells that aid in the body’s natural production of extra neurons.
DOES REGENERATIVE THERAPY HELP ALL TYPES OF NERVE DAMAGE?
The nervous system can get damaged for a variety of reasons. Diabetic patients may feel numbness as a result of neuropathy brought on by persistently elevated blood sugar levels. On healthy nerve tissue, certain therapies can have harmful effects. Additionally, a number of viral diseases, including herpes zoster, can cause nerve damage. Finally, nerve injury is frequently brought on by trauma such as vehicle accidents.
Sometimes, the cause of the unexpected loss of brain tissue is unclear to scientists. For instance, there are many issues concerning Alzheimer’s disease that remain unresolved. An autoimmune condition known as multiple sclerosis affects the patient’s nerve cells, resulting in nerve damage. In these situations, stem cell treatment may assist in treating the symptoms and provide protection against further damage, but it cannot treat the underlying cause.
In certain types of neurons, it may be easier to repair nerve damage than others. This is because the peripheral nerves (the part of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord) have the ability to regenerate naturally. Stem cell therapy may have a greater effect on this type of nerve injury. This is because it can act on and enhance the body’s own healing abilities.